NEVADA
Name officially adopted in 1861 when territory was established by Congress; from Spanish meaning snow-capped.

1851--First settlement in dispute--Genoa, near Carson City, permanently settled by Mormons, then called Mormon Station in Utah Territory. Dayton, also near Carson City, permanently settled by miners and traders, then called Gold Canyon in Utah Territory.
1854--Carson County created as part of Utah Territory.
1861--Created as Territory of Nevada on March 2
1864--Admitted as State of Nevada October 31; a state holiday since 1939.

STATE FLAG
The New Nevada State Flag; cobalt blue background; in upper left quarter is a five-pointed silver star between two sprays of sagebrush crossed to form a half wreath; across the top of wreath is a golden scroll with the words, in black letters "Battle Born." The name "Nevada" is below the star and above the sprays in golden letters. Design modified June 8, 1991, original design approved on March 21, 1929.

STATE SEAL
Designed in July 1864 and adopted February 24, 1866. A gold seal is embossed with the words " The Great Seal of the State of Nevada" around the outer edge. Within this is a composite picture showing the mining, agriculture, industry and scenery of Nevada, under which is a scroll with the State motto, "All for our Country".

STATE MOTTO
"ALL FOR OUR COUNTRY"

How did it originate?

The motto has always been part of the state seal but there is no documented source of its originality.

Nevada entered the Union as a state during the Civil War and just before the presidential election of 1864. The Constitutional Convention met in Carson City on July 4, 1864, just one year after the terrible battle at Gettysburg. The Union needed another state, another supporter of President Lincoln, to prove to the Confederacy that the Union was strong. Patriotism was running high here and those assembled for the Convention felt very loyal to the Union and quite willing to do what they could to support it.

Article V, Section 15 of the Nevada Constitution states that there is to be a state seal. In the second legislative session (1866), Assemblyman A. B. Elliot of Storey County introduced Bill 26. It was read and referred to the Committee on State Library. They returned it to the Assembly for another reading. It passed there and went to the Sentate.

In the Senate, AB26 was referred to the Committee on State Affairs. On February 19, 1866, Senator Lockwood reported that the Committee had AB26 under consideration, had come to a favorable conclusion thereon, and directed their chairman to report the same to the Senate, without amendment, and recommended its passage. On the third reading it passed 12-1.

The statutes of 1866 (chapter XLI) gives a complete description of the design. The last sentence reads "In an outer circle, the words, "The Great Seal of the State of Nevada," to be engraven with these words, for the motto of our State, "All for Our Country."

Unfortunately, there are no records of the committee proceedings, discussions, nor any legislature's discussion of the seal, to tell us how or why or who came up with "All for our country."

STATE BIRD
Mountain Bluebird.

STATE ANIMAL
Desert Bighorn Sheep.

STATE REPTILE
The Desert Tortoise.

STATE FLOWER
Sagebrush, adopted March 20, 1917.

STATE TREE
Two trees share the State tree designation. The Single-Leaf Piņon and the Bristlecone Pine

STATE SONG
"Home Means Nevada" by Mrs. Bertha Raffetto, Reno; adopted February 6, 1933.

STATE CAPITAL
Carson City; designated in July 1864; also territorial capital dating back to 1861

NEVADA NICKNAMES
Battle-Born State, Sagebrush State, Silver State

AREA
110,540 square miles, 485 miles long, 315 miles wide; seventh in size.

POPULATION
Census 2000 population, 1,998,257

COUNTIES
Carson City, Churchill, Clark, Douglas, Elko, Esmeralda, Eureka, Humboldt, Lander, Lincoln, Lyon, Mineral, Nye, Pershing, Storey, Washoe, White Pine.

MINING
Among its products are gold, silver, copper, zinc, brucite, magnesium, magnesite, manganese, tungsten, uranium, mercury, lead, non-metallics, oil, coal, iron.

AGRICULTURE
Cattle, horses, sheep, hogs, poultry, hay, wheat, corn, potatoes, rye, oats, alfalfa, barley, vegetables, dairy products, some fruits.

GEOGRAPHY/CLIMATE
With mostly mountainous and desert terrain, altitudes vary from 1,000 feet to over 13,000 feet. Climate is arid, abundant sunshine; light rainfall; snow. Average temperature varies from 70 degrees Fahrenheit in south to 45 degrees Fahrenheit in north.

PRINCIPAL LAKES
Natural: Lake Tahoe, on California-Nevada border west of Carson City; Pyramid Lake, largest natural lake in state, north of Reno; Walker Lake, north of Hawthorne; Topaz Lake on California-Nevada border, south of Gardnerville; Ruby Lake, south of Elko.

Manmade: Lake Mead, largest manmade lake in the state, with a 550-mile shoreline, forms southern boundary of state, east of Las Vegas, backed up by Hoover Dam on Colorado River; Lake Mohave, south of Las Vegas, backed up by Davis Dam on Colorado River; lake Lahontan, near Fallon; and Rye Patch Reservoir near Lovelock.

PRINCIPAL MOUNTAINS
Highest peak: Boundary Peak on Nevada-California border south of Hawthorne, 13,145 feet; other principal peaks: Wheeler Peak, east of Ely, 13,061; Mt. Charleston, west of Las Vegas, 11,910; North Schell Peak, north of Ely, 11,890; 51 peaks above 9,000 feet.

PRINCIPAL RIVERS
Longest: Humboldt River, 500 miles from Humboldt Mountains, east of Elko to Humboldt Sink south of Lovelock; Carson River, Truckee River, Walker River, Colorado River.

NATURAL RESOURCES
Minerals -- Gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, tungsten, uranium, manganese, titanium, iron, mercury, opal, barite, molybdenum, magnesite, diatomite, talc, gypsum, dalomite, lime, turquoise, fluorspar, brucite, antimony, perlite, pumice, salt, sulfur oilshale.

Oil -- In central and eastern Nevada.

Forests -- Two national forests: Toiyabe, 2.5 million acres; Humboldt, 2.5 million acres divided into 19 forest areas.

Water -- Principal rivers (Truckee, Carson, Walker, Humboldt) provide 2,000,000 acre feet annually within state. Colorado provides 300,000 acre feet annually, about 100,000 kilowatts of hydroelectric power being generated for use in Nevada; four hydroelectric plants near Reno, and Lahontan Dam hydroelectric plant near Fallon.

UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA SYSTEM
University of Nevada Reno (UNR); University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV); Community College of Southern Nevada; Truckee Meadows Community College; Western Nevada Community College; and Great Basin College.

TOURISM
Tourist-connected industries (hotels, casinos, amusement and recreation facilities) make up the largest employment category. There are big resort areas, with nearby skiing as well as sunbathing, near Lake Tahoe, Reno, Las Vegas, and elsewhere. Ghost towns, rodeos, trout fishing, water skiing, and deer hunting are other attractions.

 
 
 


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